Iraklii Toidze compendium, images of Stalin
As Iraklii Toidze is my favourite of the Stalinist poster artists, and this blog will draw to a close soon, I have decided to break with tradition and include several Toidze posters in a single edition.
Iraklii Moiseevich Toidze was born on March 14 (27) in 1902 in Tbilisi (Tiflis), Georgia. Son of the famous artist and architect Moiseia Toidze, Iraklii studied with his father and graduated from the Tbilisi Academy of Arts in 1930.
Toidze was a founding member of RevMas (the Tiflis branch of AKhR) with his father from 1928 and its successor SaRMa (Georgian Association of Revolutionary Artists) from 1931.
Toidze is well-known for having produced some of the most iconic and emotive poster images of the Great Patriotic War.
Important exhibitions included:
Fifteen Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, Moscow 1933
Twenty Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, Moscow 1938
Industry of Socialism, Moscow 1939
All-Union Art Exhibition, Moscow 1946, 47, 49, 50, 55.
Toidze was the recipient of several Stalin Prizes:
1941 Painting (1st class) - illustration of the poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin" by Shota Rustaveli (1937)
1948 Painting (1st class) - for "Speech I. Stalin at the solemn meeting devoted to the 24th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution "and a portrait I. Stalin
1949 Painting (2nd class) - illustrations for the book "Anthology of Georgian poetry"
1951 Graphics (3rd class) - for a series of illustrations for the book "History of Georgia"
Toidze was also awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
Dr Anita Pisch
Anita’s new, fully illustrated book, The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929 -1953, published by ANU Press, is available for free download here, and can also be purchased in hard copy from ANU Press.
SPotW61 Babitskii 1944
SPotW62 Pen Varlen 1942
SPotW63 Bayuskin 1942
SPotW64 Belopol'skii 1950
SPotW65 Belopol'skii 1952
SPotW66 Dlugach 1933
SPotW67 Zhitomirskii 1942
SPotW68 Toidze 1949
SPotW69 Mikhailov 1937
SPotW70 Cheprakov 1939
SPotW76 Toidze 1943
SPotW77 Futerfas 1936
SPotW78 Mukhin 1945
SPotW79 Golub' 1948
SPotW80 Karpovskii 1948