Viktor Ivanov, 1918 – 1948. Glory to the Party of Lenin and Stalin – the Organizer of Victorious Armed Forces of the USSR!, 1948
The 1948 poster ‘Glory to the Party of Lenin and Stalin – the Organiser of Victorious Armed Forces of the USSR’ by Viktor Ivanov celebrates 30 years of the Red Army and its history of victories from the Civil War through to the recent victory in the Great Patriotic War in 1945.
In the poster, Stalin is not credited with sole responsibility for victory in the war. The poster allocates responsibility for the victory to the Bolshevik Party, rather than to the military and strategic brilliance of the great leader alone.
The imagery of the poster focuses on might and victory, the central image being that of the sparkling red star victory medallion and curling ribbon, resting in front of ears of grain, and imagery denoting the army, navy and airforce.
In the background, the sky is criss-crossed with search lights (a recurring motif in these later posters) contributing to the sense of movement and action in the distance, while in the foreground the only suggestion of movement comes from the gentle motion of the three flags flapping in the breeze.
The top of the picture plane is dominated by the largest flag, with the cameos of Lenin and Stalin, while beneath it fly three more flags, two of them largely obscured by the third one which reads ‘For the Soviet motherland.’
By 1948 Stalin appears in the Marshal’s uniform in almost all posters. Stalin had been made Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1943, and Generalissimus in 1945, although he refused to wear the ostentatious, newly designed uniform of the generalissimus.
In this poster, Stalin’s identification with the warrior archetype is complete and can now be taken for granted.
Dr Anita Pisch
Anita’s new, fully illustrated book, The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929 -1953, published by ANU Press, is available for free download here, and can also be purchased in hard copy from ANU Press.
SPotW61 Babitskii 1944
SPotW62 Pen Varlen 1942
SPotW63 Bayuskin 1942
SPotW64 Belopol'skii 1950
SPotW65 Belopol'skii 1952
SPotW66 Dlugach 1933
SPotW67 Zhitomirskii 1942
SPotW68 Toidze 1949
SPotW69 Mikhailov 1937
SPotW70 Cheprakov 1939
SPotW76 Toidze 1943
SPotW77 Futerfas 1936
SPotW78 Mukhin 1945
SPotW79 Golub' 1948
SPotW80 Karpovskii 1948