Viktor Deni and Nikolai Dolgorukov, Long live the Leninist VKP(b), organiser of socialist construction, 1934
‘Long live the Leninist VKP(b), organiser of victorious socialist construction’ of 1934 by renowned graphic artist duo Viktor Deni and Nikolai Dolgorukov is an early example of the Stalin portrait being carried in a parade.
Five hands hold a sketched portrait of Stalin under the protective banner of the Leninist Party amid a sea of Klutsis-style open-palmed hands, all raised in the air and pointing upward in the direction of the victory of socialist construction.
No other part of the body can be seen in the crowd, the hand itself symbolises the socialist worker.
This poster is a forerunner of other posters in which Stalin’s portrait is carried in a parade. Here, it is very much in the manner of a workers’ demonstration or celebratory parade.
Later, Stalin’s portrait was often carried on a pole or held aloft in such a way as to suggest the carrying of an icon in a religious procession.
Scenes behind Stalin depict arenas of Soviet achievement: the establishment of an airforce (an achievement of Stalin’s own that he did not have to share with Lenin); industrial and agricultural construction; the construction of the Dnieper Dam, the Belomor-Baltic Canal, Magnitogorsk; electrification of the nation; and improvements in communication technology.
The text on the banners carried by the workers reads:
Long live the Leninist VKP(b) [the Communist Party]
Forward to new victories!
The Red Army is the stronghold of the world
Implementation of the plan
Making the collective farms prosperous and bigger
Harvest more crops
In 1934, the Congress of Victors – the Seventeenth Party Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) – had just declared the full achievement of socialism. Progression to the next and highest stage, that of communism, was just commencing.
The name ‘Congress of Victors’ celebrated the success of the First Five-Year Plan and of the policy of collectivisation of agriculture. Stalin was elected as General Secretary of the Party and power became increasingly centred around his own person, rather than through more inclusive policies of the entire Politburo.
One-hundred-and-thirty-nine members and candidate members of the Central Committee were elected at the Seventeenth Party Congress in 1934. By 1940, 98 of these people had been killed.
Dr Anita Pisch
Anita’s new, fully illustrated book, The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929 -1953, published by ANU Press, is available for free download here, and can also be purchased in hard copy from ANU Press.
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SPotW62 Pen Varlen 1942
SPotW63 Bayuskin 1942
SPotW64 Belopol'skii 1950
SPotW65 Belopol'skii 1952
SPotW66 Dlugach 1933
SPotW67 Zhitomirskii 1942
SPotW68 Toidze 1949
SPotW69 Mikhailov 1937
SPotW70 Cheprakov 1939
SPotW76 Toidze 1943
SPotW77 Futerfas 1936
SPotW78 Mukhin 1945
SPotW79 Golub' 1948
SPotW80 Karpovskii 1948